Natural gas can be a relatively inexpensive and efficient heating fuel, but the dangers of explosion, fire, and carbon monoxide poisoning which can result in permanent injury or death are safety hazards which must be, and can be, prevented by homeowners and landlords.
Gas Explosion Suspected as Cause of Minneapolis Apartment Fire
Recently in Minneapolis, MN fourteen people were hurt, at least three critically, and two bodies discovered as a result of an explosion and fire that rocked a three-story apartment building in Minneapolis in early January 2014, forcing residents to jump from windows and flee to the streets into subzero temperatures.
By the time firefighters arrived, smoke and 20-foot flames were pouring out of the second and third stories of the building, and residents were jumping out of the windows.
Explosive devices have been ruled out by investigators. Residents reported a natural gas odor shortly before the explosion, though some investigators deny any natural gas lines running in or near the building. Other types of gas are also being considered as possible causes for the spark which caused the explosion.
It is horrible to think of all of these people in this mostly Somali neighborhood having to evacuate and lose their homes and possessions in sub-zero weather, reportedly as low as -4˚F with a -24˚F wind-chill, having to run out into ice and snow covered streets to attempt to gain safety for themselves and their children. Investigators are still trying to determine the cause of this explosion; it is not yet known who or what was at fault.
West Virginia Natural Gas Fatal House Explosion
In October of 2013, a similarly tragic situation occurred in Follansbee, WV, a small town south of Weirton in Brooke County. A family had recently purchased and was still moving into this home when an explosion likely caused by a natural gas leak obliterated this rural West Virginia home. Tragically, this violent explosion killed their 13-year-old daughter and seriously injured three others. The blast was so powerful it shook the entire neighborhood, blew out the windows of a nearby fire station, sent plywood siding rocketing nearly 50 feet into the air, and shot boards through other houses. Three other houses were damaged – one knocked off its foundation.
In addition to the fatality, the girl’s parents and a sister were injured and taken to hospitals. An especially tragic aspect of this story is that half an hour before the explosion, a neighbor had called local authorities to report a possible gas leak. The fire department responded, but found nothing. Shortly after they left, the house exploded.
Investigators are trying to determine whether or not the gas leaked in the house from an outside source, or was a leak within the house. Either way, when the gas reached a high enough concentration, even the most mundane action could have deadly consequences. Once the concentration is high enough, all it takes is a pilot light or even a light switch being switched on to cause an explosion.
How can you prevent a natural gas explosion from happening in your home?
Explosions such as the ones in West Virginia and Minneapolis are rare, but I advise that homeowners and landlords have an approved maintenance worker check for leaks around stoves, furnaces, and hot water heaters. Firefighters in every county in WV receive dozens of natural gas related calls each year from homeowners like you.
When purchasing an appliance, look for the UL markup to ensure it has met safety standards, and if you are purchasing a used item, have it checked by a knowledgeable professional.
If you do smell the “rotten egg scent” from the odorant added to natural gas, mercaptan, react quickly and shut off the source if possible, and call a professional or 9-1-1. If the scent is strong, evacuate the house or building, get a safe distance from it, and call emergency help immediately. Do not smoke, use a lighter or flashlight, cell phone, turn on a light switch, or use other electronic devices in or near the house. If possible, turn off the gas from the outside of the home.
Wise homeowners can also install a gas detector to make sure your home and family doesn’t suffer the effects of a natural gas leak.
Homeowners should also have their furnace and water heater exhaust pipes checked regularly for safety to prevent backup and carbon monoxide poisoning.
Landlord’s Obligation for Safety of Rental Property
West Virginia landlords are required to maintain a leased property in a condition that meets requirements of applicable health, fire, and safety housing codes.
Sometimes a natural gas leak is caused in part by the negligence of a landlord, repair technician, or faulty piece of equipment. Landlords and professional service technicians are held to the highest standards of accountability for the safety of those they serve.
One of the problems that city and county building inspectors face is that many older buildings are not equipped with modern electrical and gas services and alarms throughout the buildings. These older buildings were “grandfathered in” decades ago when stricter building codes were adopted.
This allows some landlords to do minimal repairs on their buildings, and never comply with current building and safety codes. However, some cities and counties have required work permits on every kind of repair to certain buildings, and before the permit is granted, an inspection is done and the building is required to come up to code.
Some landlords skirt these requirements by doing the work themselves, under the radar of the city. When they are caught doing the work without a permit, they risk having their building closed down. No city or town can keep up on the status of every building. When a tragedy does strike, there may be significant responsibility on the landlord, and perhaps the building inspectors, for allowing an unsafe building to be occupied.
That’s why you need knowledgeable and skilled lawyers to enforce the rules. Remember, trial lawyers are for the public’s safety, we enforce the rules when others won’t.
Questions? Call us today: 304-594-1800 or after hours, 304-216-6695.
Silver, Jonathan, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, “West Virginia Girl Killed in Natural Gas Explosion,” October 11, 2013.
Forliti, Amy. ABC News. “Body of Second Victim Found after Minneapolis Fire.” January 3, 2014.